After covid, there is another new strain found in India that is named the Black fungus. This is steadily rising in India, and as per the reports, the medical specialist named this “Pandemic with Covid-19 pandemic”. The doctors and the Indian government are really worried about this because a lot of people are suffering from this, and some are dead. This is considered an epidemic after the Covid pandemic. According to the doctor, people who take steroids have more chances to suffer from this.
Different people have different questions regarding what is black fungus. The black fungus is known as the Mucormycosis, which is a serious fungal issue. This symptom is mostly seen in post-Covid patients in large numbers. As of May 22, the government has released 8,848 cases of Mucormycosis.
This is a serious fungal disease that can lead to serious problems. There is another fungus reported that is named white fungus, and we will discuss that also in our next article. This is more dangerous than the black fungus. But if we talk as per the report of 24th May, there is another patient reported from the Ghaziabad suffering from Yellow fungus. According to medical experts, this fungus is more powerful than white and black fungus. Well, back to our topic, most people have different myths and confusions regarding the black fungus.
So, to answer all your questions, here we come. In this article, we pick the most asked questions of users which you are searching for on the internet. So, let’s check them one by one!
- 1 What is black fungus or Mucormycosis?
- 2 What are the symptoms of mucormycosis?
- 3 Which kind of people is at more risk?
- 4 How is the disease treated?
- 5 How can anyone prevent this fungus?
- 6 Things you should do to stay away from the fungus?
- 7 Can it spread from one person to another?
- 8 What should you do if you experience the above-discussed symptoms?
- 9 Have other countries also reported cases of black fungus?
- 10 What makes the black infection so deadly?
- 11 How to prevent this disease or fungus?
- 12 Conclusion:
What is black fungus or Mucormycosis?
The Black fungus or Mucormycosis is a complication that is mostly caused by the fungal infection. Well, this fungus is rare and mostly seen in people who are taking steroids. The Indian government makes this disease an epidemic in India. To treat this disease, the doctors are using the drug named Amphotericin B. The black fungus disease has been detected mostly in Karnataka, Uttarakhand. Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Bihar. Orissa and others. In Rajasthan, the state government declared this disease as an epidemic.
If we talk about the steroid, then it is widely used in the Covid-19 to treat patients. Along with that, it is also used to treat orthopedic and pulmonary diseases. In India, there are a huge amount of people who are suffering from type 2 diabetes and diagnosed with steroids. As per the current, there is a shortage of medications to treat the black fungus. According to the doctors, this fungus is caused due to an increase in blood sugar levels. It attacks the people who have low immunity power. This disease arises many complications from which a patient has to go through.
As per the doctors, the people who are suffering from covid 19 and just overcome this should be vigilant for at least one week. According to the medical experts, they should be at their home after the post covid treatments. The patients should maintain minimal interaction with the people. When the blood sugar level increase in our body then there are many virus and fungus, bacterias that attack to the body. As per the Delhi doctor, there is a shortage of medicine in the entire country.
So, the drug is under the control of the central government, and it is provided to the different states as per the required quota.
How the black fungus enters the body?
The black fungus infection is developed due to the micromycetes that are present in the air. When people inhale this, then it can spread into the lunges, chest, and sinus cavities. So, this fungal that is active in the environment mostly infects people. People can mostly be infected by this when the fungus enters into the skin through the burn, cut, and another skin disease. The fungus can stick to a body through touch or then can enter through the nose and lunges activities.
Well, if it enters your body through the cut or burn, then it can cause local infections. But if it goes through the sinus, then it can affect the eyes and affect your brain also. Some doctors said that this issue mostly occurs in the patients who are treated with the Covid without controlling their blood sugar level. While some doctors said that it affects the post covid patients due to their unclean and unhygienic living conditions. It is also caused due to cheap steroids. The steroids suppress the immune system that increases vulnerability and produce infections like Black fungus.
What are the symptoms of mucormycosis?
The early symptoms of mucormycosis are nasal blockage, sinus pain, one side headache, numbness and swelling, Toothache, etc. As per the reports, patients are reporting blurred vision, discoloration of tissue on the nose and cheeks. This is one type of skin problem that can spread to the eye, lungs, and brain. People going through this situation may seem the symptoms like blurred or double vision, breathing issues, and coughing blood.
Which kind of people is at more risk?
According to the medical reports the diabetes patients have more chances to suffer from this infection. Along with that, people who are suffering from corona, post covid people, and people who have lower immune power also have a chance of getting affected by this. So, as per the experts, to get rid of this disease, you have to maintain your blood sugar level and take better prevention measures.
This disease can lead to a higher risk if you don’t take the right treatment at the right time! According to the Indian Council of Medical Research, the following conditions in COVID-19 patients can increase the risk of mucormycosis infection that is Uncontrolled diabetes, Weakening of the immune system, Prolonged ICU/hospital stay, post organ transplant, cancer, and Voriconazole therapy, etc.
How is the disease treated?
This fungus doesn’t remain static at one place, and it spread throughout the nose and attacks your eyes, and then it may also affect the brain. It will become dangerous if you don’t treat this at the right time. For this, you have to visit the expertise.
In the majority of cases where people are getting affected by mucormycosis, they got treated by a team of microbiologists, intensivist neurologists, internal medicine specialists, ophthalmologists, ENT specialists, surgeons, dentists, etc. To treat this condition, the doctors will remove all the infected tissue from your body by surgical methods.
But in most cases, the patient will end up losing the eyes. In the current situation, the doctors have treated this disease by using the Liposomal Amphotericin B. As per the reports, 20 vials of the injections are required, which cost around Rs. 5,000 to 6,000. The availability of the medicine is reserved because it is controlled and under the supervision of the government. According to the medical staff, the drugs treated for black fungus should be used under the supervision of doctors.
How can anyone prevent this fungus?
To prevent this fungus, you have to follow some necessary guidelines of the medical industry.
- Always wear a mask whenever you are visiting dusty construction sites.
- Always wear shoes, trousers, shirts, and gloves while cleaning the rooms and touching should for gardening and all.
- It is also suggested to maintain your personal hygiene.
- You can manage this condition by controlling your diabetes and discontinuing the balance of the steroids. There are some more additional things that you should do and don’t as per the guidelines of expert medical staff and doctors.
Things you should do to stay away from the fungus?
You should control the level of hyperglycemia. If you are posting a covid-19 patient, then you should Monitor the blood glucose level and also take steroids in a balanced amount. As per the doctors use antibiotics/antifungals issue in a balance amounts
Can it spread from one person to another?
The disease is not spread from one person to another as per the current reports and research.
What should you do if you experience the above-discussed symptoms?
As per the current reports, mucormycosis is treated as a great risk in India. As you know, India covers a great population, and there is a huge chance of spreading this disease. Along with that, most of the people in India are suffering from diabetes and taking steroids. So, for those people, it is the toughest condition. So, if you have a weak immune system and irrational usage of steroids, then you should be more conscious.
If you have to face the same issue and symptoms, then the first thing which you should do is visit a doctor first. After visiting, the doctor will check your covid report. They will do a CT scan and MRI report for the nasal cavity, sinuses, and brain. The team of doctors will then remove the damaged tissue through the nasal cavity and medical management with antifungal drugs, namely injection Liposomal amphotericin-B.
Have other countries also reported cases of black fungus?
Other than India, there are some more countries where the black fungus is detected. Countries that are facing this crisis are Pakistan, Russia. Russia Confirmed the first case on May 17 and gave the possibility that it can spread from human to human. It has been claimed that the situation is in control in both countries.
What makes the black infection so deadly?
The black fungus infection is considered as the deadly fungus because, in Rajasthan, it is already declared an epidemic. Along with that, several other states of India are recording an unproportionate number of cases. The most similar thing about this fungus or the disease is it affects mostly post covid patients and weaker immune systems. Well, there is a great chance that the precedence of cases has gone high in recent times. The infection impacts those people who are suffering from severe COVID-19 and recovered from this.
How to prevent this disease or fungus?
To prevent mucormycosis, you have to follow some of the precautions, and those are:
- To keep away from the fungus, the first thing you have to do is check your blood sugar first. When you are diagnosed with the covid 19, then regularly check your blood sugar level. This fungus can cause a rise in blood sugar and produce many health effects.
- You should avoid any therapy that is not proven and licensed. Always visit licensed doctors and experts who have years of experience.
- You should be extra conscious and follow extra caution that helps you maximize your recovery time. If you are suffering from chronic diseases like kidney disease, liver disease, and autoimmune disease, then take care of yourself.
- If you are suffering from diabetes or high blood sugar, then check your blood sugar level regularly. Don’t take enough steroids, especially if you have recently improved from the covid.
- Make sure that your surrounding is clean and germs free. Clean your room and surrounding and sanitize them from time to time to eliminate the disinfectants.
- You should wear a mask all the time and wash it after reaching your home. Always wear masks while dusting your home. Don’t touch your eye, nose, and mouth without washing your hands.
By reading the overall content, you can clear all your queries regarding the Black fungus. Follow all the above precautions and consult with a doctor if you have any symptoms like this. If you have any more questions then comment here!